中国农村协商民主发展困境探究

目 录 摘 要 Abstract 第一章 绪论 一、论文选题的理由或意义 二、关于该课题的研究综述 (一)国外研究现状 (二)国内研究现状 三、论文的结构、创新与不足之处 (一)论文的结构 (二)论文的创新及不足 第二章 乡村协商民主理论概述 一、乡村协商民主理论概述 (一
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  目 录

  摘 要

  Abstract

  第一章 绪论

  一、论文选题的理由或意义

  二、关于该课题的研究综述

  (一)国外研究现状

  (二)国内研究现状

  三、论文的结构、创新与不足之处

  (一)论文的结构

  (二)论文的创新及不足

  第二章 乡村协商民主理论概述

  一、乡村协商民主理论概述

  (一)协商民主

  (二)乡村协商民主

  二、乡村协商民主的价值分析

  (一)协商民主的价值分析

  (二)协商民主是我国乡村民主建设的有效途径

  第三章 乡村协商民主发展现状与特征分析

  一、从民主恳谈和村务公开谈乡村协商民主发展现状

  (一)民主恳谈会--以浙江温岭为例

  (二)村务公开

  二、我国乡村协商民主发展的特征

  (一)发展受制度问题影响明显

  (二)乡村经济发展影响着乡村协商民主参与主体的民主参与需求

  (三)政治文化大环境和参与主体的政治文化素养问题

  第四章 乡村协商民主发展的影响因素分类

  一、政治因素

  (一)村民自治制度的制度基础

  (二)乡村协商民主选举过程中的政治权利导向

  二、经济因素

  (一)经济发展与乡村协商民主主体的独立性的关系

  (二)经济发展与乡村协商民主主体的平等性关系

  三、文化因素

  (一)传统的思想文化观念

  (二)农民的文化程度和民主素养

  第五章 我国乡村协商民主建设中的影响因素利弊探究

  一、影响因素与乡村协商民主的价值取向存在一致性

  (一)政治民主化为乡村协商民主提供合法性基础

  (二)经济发展为乡村协商民主提供物质基础

  (三)农民参与为乡村协商民主提供基本保证

  二、影响因素与乡村协商民主建设之间存在张力

  (一)政治上存在非制度性张力

  (二)经济上存在阶层分化与经济压力

  (三)文化上存在协商意识淡薄和自组织羸弱

  第六章 我国乡村治理中协商民主的路径探究

  一、乡村治理中协商民主的政治路径探究

  (一)选举民主为主、协商民主为辅

  (二)推动乡村基层自治,加强基层协商民主建设

  (三)探索制度化的道路:协商方式的改变

  二、乡村治理中协商民主的文化路径探究

  (一)重塑乡村行政文化,培养协商精神

  (二)逐步培育村民的协商民主意识

  (三)市民社会的发展与协商文化的培育

  三、乡村协商民主建设的经济路径探究

  (一)推动农村发展,增加社会资本

  (二)推动农村改革,赋予农民更多的财产权

  结语

  参考文献

致谢

  摘 要

  20 世纪晚期,民主选举的弊端和局限性开始逐渐显现。协商民主这一新型的民主元素,作为对选举民主的补充和修正,被西方学者们广泛热议和研究,也被逐渐应用于西方政治制度之中。由于协商民主与中国民主政治有着很好的契合度,在中国有着丰富的发展所需的政治和社会资源,也被引入到中国民主发展之中,在基层民主法治建设和乡村治理中发挥着不可小觑的作用,既弥补了民主选举中多数原则的负面效应,也为中国民主发展走上台阶提供了新方法和新视野。协商民主的目的是经由理性的协商对话,平衡利益多元化,实现公民有序的政治参与。

  现代协商民主则是在我国已有的民主基础上,结合我国国情和社会主义初级阶段的特性,自上而下延伸到民主治理的所有领域,有民主选举的地方,就有协商民主。协商民主和选举民主相辅相成,也标志着传统民主的跨越式转变:实现形式的单一性到多样性,民主主体权利的垄断性到开放性,民主监督的局限性到非局限性。

  由于我国国情的特殊性,乡村在我国有着广大的区域,协商民主在我国乡村民主建设中成为一个活跃的积极因素,在我国乡村民主建设中有着很好的本土资源,犹如为乡村民主建设注入了新鲜血液。同时乡村的民主发展也显现出新状况:一方面乡村的民主发展亟需协商民主开辟新路径,协商民主发展被重视;另一方面协商民主在乡村民主治理中受到诸多因素的影响,发展和水平提升遇到挑战。

  本文通过文献研究,以浙江温岭民主恳谈和村务公开为切入点,通过对其发展现状及存在的问题的研究,总结我国乡村协商民主的发展现状、特征、已取得的成就和存在的问题,挖掘发展现状背后的原因、机制。对我国乡村协商民主发展中存在的政治、经济和文化因素进行剖析,深入研究这三类因素对我国乡村协商民主发展的影响,也是本文的重点。

  作为论文的总结,本文在最后一章探究了我国乡村治理中协商民主的发展路径,力图将协商民主在乡村发展遇到的障碍理出清晰脉络,针对这些影响因素提出改进途径和政策建议。相对应乡村协商民主发展的影响因素,本文对其发展路径的探究也是从政治、经济和文化的角度展开,在政治方面提出了选举民主为主、协商民主为辅,推动乡村基层自治、加强基层协商民主建设和协商民主制度化的建议;在经济方面提出了推动农村发展、增加社会资本和推动农村改革、赋予农民更多财产权的建议;在文化方面提出了重塑乡村行政文化、培养协商精神,培养村民协商民主意识和发展市民社会和培育协商文化的建议。力图为协商民主在我国乡村民主的发展道路厘清影响因素和障碍,为其科学健康发展贡献政策建议。

  关键词:乡村 协商民主 影响因素

  Abstract

  Late 20th century, the drawbacks and limitations of democratic elections begin gradually.

  As a new elements of democracy and the additions and amendments to electoral democracy,deliberative democracy has been studying and debating extensively by Western scholars, andalso been increasingly used among the Western political system. Because of deliberativedemocracy with Chinese Democracy has a very good fit, deliberative democracy has richpolitical and social resources that it needed for development in China and been introduced to thedevelopment of democracy in China. Deliberative democracy plays an underestimated role ingrassroots democracy and the rule of law and governance in rural .It can make up the negativeeffects of the majority principles in democratic elections and provide a new approach and newvision for the development of democracy in China.

  The purpose of deliberative democracy is dialoguing through rational negotiation, balancingthe interests of diverse and achieving an orderly political participation of citizens. Deliberativedemocracy practice in China has long been apparent. The People's Political ConsultativeConference, which had been set up at the beginning of the founding of China, is a powerful proof.

  On the basis of existing democracy in our country, modern deliberative democracy has combinedwith China's national conditions and characteristics of the primary stage of socialism andextended to all areas of democratic governance from top to bottom. Where there is a democraticelection where there is deliberative democracy. Deliberative democracy and electoral democracyare mutually reinforcing, also marks the transition of traditional democratic leap: the maindemocratic pluralism from the particularity to diversify, the rights of democratic body frommonopoly to open, democratic supervision from the limitations to the non-limiting.

  Due to the special nature of our country, and the village in China has a vast area,deliberative democracy has become a positive factor in the country active democracy-building inour country. It has good local resources in rural democracy-building in our country, like injectingfresh blood to the construction of rural democracy. At the same time the development of ruraldemocracy is also showing a new situation: on the one hand the democratic development of ruralareas need to open up new paths of deliberative democracy, and deliberative democracydevelopment being taken seriously; on the other, deliberative democracy is affected by manyfactors in democratic governance in the country, the promotion of its development andpromotion has been challenged.

  Through literature research, this paper takes Zhejiang Wenling democratic forum andvillage affairs publicity as a starting point, through study of its development status and problems,summarizes the current development of rural deliberative democracy, characteristics, theachievements and problems, excavating causes and mechanisms behind the development status.

  Dissect political, economic and cultural factors that exist in the development of rural deliberativedemocracy, and in-depth studying of these three factors on the development of rural deliberativedemocracy which is the focus of this paper. As a summary of the paper, in the last chapter, thispaper explores the development of rural governance negotiation path of democracy, trying to sortout a clear context for the obstacles that deliberative democracy has encountered in ruraldevelopment, and propose ways to improve and policy recommendations for these factors.

  Corresponding the influence factors of rural development deliberative democracy, this articleunfolding political, economic and cultural perspective, explores its development path. On thepolitical front ,this article proposes making up mainly of electoral democracy, deliberativedemocracy, giving autonomy to promote the rural grass-roots level to strengthen the constructionof deliberative democracy and deliberative democracy institutionalized proposal; On theeconomy front ,this article proposes promoting rural development, increasing social capital andpromoting rural reforms, giving farmers more property; on the cultural front, this article proposesreshaping rural administrative culture, cultivating the spirit of negotiation and the villagerscultivates' awareness of deliberative democracy and development of civil society and fosteringcultural negotiation . This paper tries to negotiate a democratic path of development in China'srural democracy and clarifies the factors and obstacles, and contributes policies andrecommendations for its healthy and scientific development.

  Key words: rural, deliberative democracy, influence factorsClassification: D638


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